The Art of Façade Architectural Design: Blending Form and Function
Author – Qutub Mandviwala
In the realm of architecture, façade design holds a significant role in defining the character and identity of a building. A well-designed façade not only captures the attention of passers-by but also serves as an interface between the building and its surroundings. The art of façade architectural design combines aesthetics, functionality, and innovation to create visually striking and purposeful exteriors. In this blog, we will explore the key elements and considerations involved in crafting exceptional façades that leave a lasting impression.
Here, at the Wockhardt Commercial Office in Dubai, traditional Indian copper and emblematic Arabic jali has been reinterpreted to create striking building façade. A notable blend of Indian grace combined with the Islamic style which transcends it to form its own contemporary expression in 21 century. The shade of orange used for this metal jaali reflects the desert in Dubai and stays true to the Arabic roots of the region making it contextual.
Aesthetics and visual impact
In this Mosque at Kanpur, a sculptural quality to the façade has been lent by the jaali which is reminiscent of the past and establishes its connection to the present. The jaali is derived from an octagon which evolves into an 8 point star which finally molds into the 8 fold rosette. Carved completely out of marble, the jaali is placed in the north-south direction with smaller fenestrations in the eastern and western façade, creating a beautiful play of light and shadow.
Material Selection and innovation
The chiseled exposed concrete used throughout the Wockhardt Global School at Aurangabad is a modern expression of chiseled stone which is seen in the Ajanta Ellora caves. The geometric fenestrations create an interesting play of light and shadow throughout the structure. The north south orientation of the classrooms brings in ample natural light indoors. A north light is integrated into the stepped roof of each classroom building. This welcomes maximum natural light into the classroom through the day.
Functionality and performance
Curved glass is used for the façade detail of these 150 and 300M tall towers. The curvature of the glass is engineered in such a way that it does not let in the harsh sunlight at the upper levels and yet lets in ample natural light.
Integration of Technology
The Puniska Commercial office in Ahmedabad is completely clad in stone, glass and concrete. Printed glass gives this building an edge over its contemporaries.
Façade architectural design is an art that combines aesthetics, functionality, and innovation to create visually striking and purposeful exteriors. By achieving contextual harmony, employing innovative materials, considering functionality, and integrating technology, architects and designers can craft exceptional façades that captivate and inspire. The façade serves as a gateway to the building, reflecting its identity and contributing to the visual richness of the urban or natural landscape. Ultimately, a well-designed façade is a testament to the creativity and skill of architects in shaping the built environment.
Visit the globally acclaimed architecture firm – MQA Architects